Sinai is a triangular peninsula in Egypt which is about 60,000 km2. It lies between the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the Red Sea to the south, forming a land bridge between Africa and Western Asia. Egyptians call it the "Land of Fayrouz", based on the Ancient Egyptian "Dumafkat", which has the same meaning.
The region has historically been the center of conflict between various political factions, based largely on its strategic geopolitical location. It has been under the control of The Mamluks, the Ottoman Empire, the British Empire, modern Egypt, and Israel at various points in history. The peninsula is currently controlled by Egypt, which has divided the region into two Egyptian governorates, and contains a population of approximately 1.3 million people.